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All About Neuropathy

All About Neuropathy Official Image

Peripheral neuropathy damages nerves outside the brain and spinal cord. Trauma, diseases, and genetics can cause this. Many origins, manifestations, and symptoms of this ailment can be treated.

Peripheral neuropathy affects nerves everywhere. It can impair muscular control, touch, and automatic functions.

Peripheral neuropathy covers nerve illnesses that affect a specific nervous system segment. Many illnesses can induce peripheral neuropathy, which can cause many symptoms. Depending on the cause, peripheral neuropathy can affect different body areas.

Symptoms

Peripheral neuropathy symptoms vary. This illness can damage one nerve, a group of nerves, or numerous nerves throughout your body. Multiple nerve signals kinds may cause symptoms.

Symptom categories (described below):

  • Motor.
  • Painful.
  • Autonomic.

Motor Issues

Motor signals are brain-to-muscle messages carried by your peripheral nervous system. Signals enable movement. Healthy muscles require brain-muscle nerve connections.

Motor Symptoms:

  • Paralysis. Peripheral neuropathy weakens muscles. Paralysis can induce toe stiffness, foot droop, and hand weakness. The weakness affects the thighs, arms, and other muscles.
  • Atrophy. Muscles can atrophy and weaken from nerve damage. Peripheral neuropathy affects feet, lower legs, and hands. Muscle loss causes foot and hand abnormalities.
  • Muscle spasms. Peripheral neuropathy can produce overactive nerves that cramp.

Sensitivity

Peripheral nerves transform external information into nerve impulses. Your brain interprets those messages into what you can perceive. Peripheral neuropathy can affect your perceptions and brain communication.

Peripheral Neuropathy Sensory Symptoms:

  • Tingling. Problems with brain-signalling nerves cause this. This is radio static.
  • Numbness. When nerves cannot send or relay sensory impulses, certain sensations are lost. This would be like picking up a cold pop can and not experiencing its smoothness or coolness, or not being able to feel carpet texture or floor temperature through your feet.
  • Incoordination. Your brain employs nerve sensations to track your hands and feet. Balance and coordination depend on these unconscious perceptions. Without these feelings, you may lose your equilibrium and be clumsy.
  • Pain. Peripheral neuropathy can damage nerves, causing hyperalgesia or too-frequent pain impulses (allodynia). It can even trigger nerve pain signals. Neuropathy’s most apparent and disruptive symptom is “neuropathic” pain.

Dysautonomia

Autonomic processes run your body. These are your body’s unconscious functions. Sweating, digestion, blood pressure, etc. Autonomic nerves send messages. Autonomic signal disruptions impair your body’s automatic activities. Some work intermittently, others never.

Peripheral neuropathy autonomic symptoms include:

  • BP Fluctuates. Peripheral nerve injury can affect blood pressure regulation by your body. That might produce rapid blood pressure reductions or heart rate spikes, especially while standing up.
  • Over- Or Under-Sweating. Sweating cools your body instantly. Peripheral nerve injury can induce over- or under-sweating. That can cause dry feet and excessive post-meal perspiration.
  • Bowel/Bladder Issues. Autonomic impulses automatically regulate your bowel and bladder. Nerve fibre disruption can cause constipation, diarrhoea, and bladder control.
  • Ed. The autonomic nerve system governs sexual desire. Autonomic disorders induce sexual dysfunction.
  • Symptoms. Peripheral neuropathy can also cause skin colour changes, oedema, pupil alterations, and blurred vision.

Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnosis: What Tests?

The most frequent types of testing by South Valley Neurology for peripheral neuropathy (either to confirm the diagnosis or rule out alternative disorders) include:

  • Blood tests (these can detect numerous abnormalities, ranging from immune system disorders to toxins and poisons, notable metals like mercury or lead) (can detect many problems, ranging from immune system problems to toxins and poisons, especially metals like mercury or lead).
  • Electromyogram.
  • Neurosonography
  • Necropsy.
  • Genotyping.
  • MRI

Manage And Treat

Is peripheral neuropathy treatable and curable?
Peripheral neuropathy treatments differ by cause. Medical history, personal preferences, and more might impact therapy. Your healthcare professional is the best person to inform you more about the treatment(s) they propose and the expected recovery timetable. Peripheral neuropathy therapy often includes:

  • Medications. Many drugs address peripheral nervous system issues. These can be injected, swallowed, applied, or slow-released.
  • Surgery. Surgery can repair severed nerves and ease nerve pain. It can also cut or remove damaged nerves to block brain-brain communication.
  • Physiotherapy. This can speed up healing or reduce discomfort. It improves balance and prevents falls by adapting to nervous system changes.
  • Wearables. These include braces, canes, walkers, prescription footwear, and more. These can prevent peripheral neuropathy problems but not treat them. Type 2 diabetes-related peripheral neuropathy requires particular footwear.
  • Podiatry. Peripheral neuropathy often affects feet. That can cause soft tissue and bone alterations, ulcers, and infections, especially in Type 2 diabetics. Peripheral neuropathy patients often need podiatry (foot specialist).
  • Other Painkillers. Acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, injections, or spinal cord stimulator surgery may be recommended by a pain expert if regular drugs don’t help.

Peripheral Neuropathy Therapy Side Effects

Many variables affect peripheral neuropathy therapy side effects and consequences. Your neuropathy’s aetiology, underlying illnesses, medications, and more are factors. Your doctor can explain the side effects and complications.

Read Also: Brain Fog Causes Symptoms Treatment

How Do I Treat Peripheral Neuropathy?

Peripheral neuropathy indicates nerve signal issues between your brain and body. This might happen for small reasons or due to significant or dangerous problems. If treated immediately, several neuropathies can be reversed. Due to these considerations, don’t self-diagnose and treat it. This ailment is best managed by a doctor.

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